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Common Heart & Blood Vessel Problems

Below are some of the common heart and blood vessel conditions that may indicate you have a heart problem.  If you are experiencing any of the following conditions, we would recommend contacting our Cardiovascular Department.

  • Palpitations – The feeling that your heart is pounding or racing. You may feel this sensation in your chest, throat, or neck.
  • Chest Pain Also called angina. There are many causes of chest pain and the feeling may range from a dull ache, tightness or burning in your chest, to a crushing or stabbing pain. Other symptoms of cardiac related chest pain include pain that lasts more than a few minutes, cold sweats, and nausea or vomiting.
  • Arrhythmia An issue with the rate or rhythm of your heartbeat. It could be too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia) or beat with an irregular rhythm. Atrial fibrillation is the most common type of arrhythmia and results in a fast and irregular heart beat.
  • Hypertension – High blood pressure. Is very common and may go undetected for years. Uncontrolled it increases your risk of heart attacks, and stroke.
  • Dyslipidaemia – Describes the condition where an abnormal amount of lipids are in the blood. This could be elevated total or low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, or low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.
  • Heart valve disease When one or more of your heart valves does not work properly. Again you may not experience any symptoms for years. Some of the signs of heart valve disease include, heart murmur, fatigue, fainting, swelling of the ankles and feet.
  • Coronary artery disease – Occurs when the major blood vessels that supply your heart with oxygen and blood become damaged. Deposits of cholesterol can build up over years, narrowing your coronary arteries and decreasing blood flow to your heart, eventually resulting in conditions such as angina or a heart attack.
  • Heart Failure – Describes a condition when your heart muscle no longer pumps blood as well as it should. This could be the result of other heart and blood vessel problems such as hypertension or coronary heart disease.
  • Shortness of breath – This could range from a tightening in your chest, to a feeling of suffocation.
  • Dizziness – The most common sensations of dizziness tend to be vertigo (false sense of spinning or motion), light-headedness, feeling faint, loss of balance, feeling of floating, and heavy-headedness.

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