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Bunions: Types, Diagnosis, Treatments Options

Bunions are bony lumps on the feet mostly on the joint at the base of the big toe. Although small in size, bunions can be painful, hence presenting some degree of discomfort.

Types of Bunions

There are several types of bunions including:

  • Bunion with skin irritation: This occurs when the bump at the side of the joint on the big toe is painful with some visible redness caused by the toe rubbing against the shoe.
  • Large bunion: Bunions come in different sizes, but a large bunion can make it difficult in finding shoes that are comfortable and fitting.
  • Bunion with hallux limitus: This is a smaller sized bunion which limits the range of motion at the joint of the big toe, and this can result in a bunion developing on top of the big toe joint.
  • Tailor’s bunion (bunionette): This forms on the side of the fifth or little toe and is mostly caused by an inherited faulty mechanical structure in the foot. These types of bunions are rare compared to other bunions.

Causes of Bunions

Bunions are often caused by an inherited foot type. The bunions themselves are not inherited but certain foot types can make an individual prone to developing a bunion. Other factors which can contribute to a person developing a bunion include:

  • Foot injuries or stresses
  • Foot deformities present at birth

Symptoms of Bunions

Symptoms which can occur at the site of the bunion include:

  • Soreness and pain
  • Redness and inflammation
  • A burning sensation
  • Numbness

Treatment of Bunions

King’s Foot & Ankle Clinic specialises in treating all types of Bunions. The treatment options for ankle pain and ankle injuries depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition.

At King’s our expert Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle specialists can provide tailored management and treatment for all types of Bunions and are always available to answer any questions that you might have regarding your particular condition. Whatever you need us for, we’re only a phone-call away.