Our Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeons at King’s College Hospital Dubai, have performed over 5000 Total Knee Replacement (TKR) surgeries.
Severe knee pain resulting from a serious injury, advanced arthritis, or degeneration of the knee cartilage is the main signal that you may be ready to benefit from a TKR. Our state-of-the-art imaging technology aids both diagnoses and long-term treatment follow up.
What happens during Knee Replacement surgery?
During TKR surgery (also known as a knee arthroplasty) the surgeon will remove damaged cartilage and bone from your kneecap, thighbone and shinbone. It will be replaced with an artificial joint (a prosthesis) made of high-grade plastic and metal
Knee replacement surgery at King’s – What can you expect.
You will be clinically evaluated to ensure there are no problems that may complicate the procedure. This will include blood tests, a chest X-ray, a knee X-ray and an ECG.
Prior to the surgery you will have a consultation with one of the King’s anaesthesia team, to determine if you would prefer general anaesthesia, or spinal anaesthesia. You may be given a nerve block around the knee and will administered antibiotics to prevent post surgical infection, and blood thinners to prevent blood cuts (Deep Vein Thrombosis).
Damaged cartilage is removed along with a small amount of bone. They are replaced with metal components to recreate the surface of the joint. Dependent on your case, the under surface of the knee cap (called the patella) maybe cut and resurfaced. To ensure a smooth gliding surface between the metal components, a plastic spacer is inserted between them.
After the surgery
Normally you would stay in the hospital for at least 3 days after the surgery. You’ll be prescribed medicines to both prevent blood clots post-surgery, and to manage any pain you experience. Your rehabilitation plan begins almost immediately following the surgery. A King’s physiotherapist will provide instructions on exercises to complete both in the hospital and at home.
Total Knee Replacement – Frequently Asked Questions
- How long is the recovery period following total knee replacement surgery?
It may take 6-12 months to fully recover from the surgery. It’s recommended to avoid any high impact sports.
- Are there any types of exercises, activities I should avoid following surgery?
Yes, avoid kneeling, squatting, jumping or twisting your repaired knee Do not cross your legs while sitting, do not put weights on your knee, and do not allow anyone to push on your knee.
- What are the risks of the procedure?
Knee surgery is nearly always successful but like any surgery there are risks you should be aware of. The most common ones include:
- Infection in the artificial joint and blood cots are the main risks
- Wear and tear of the artificial joint requiring a knee revision
- Approximately 20-25% chance your knee pain may take up to 12 months to completely settle.