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Knee Injuries

The doctors at our hospital and clinics are world leaders in the treatment of a wide range of knee problems affecting the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves. Where possible, we use minimally invasive techniques such as arthroscopy (keyhole surgery) and we offer our patients a personalised rehabilitation programme to help them recover as quickly as possible.

Conditions that we treat include:

  • Osteoarthritis: often caused by long term wear to the joint surface cartilage, this leads to pain, swelling and stiffness in the knee joint. Damage can also be caused by injuries such as a twist, fall or blow to the knee and this is often accompanied by an anterior cruciate ligament tear.

Ligament tears and injuries including:

  • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, often caused by twisting the knee during sporting activities.
  • Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries, which usually happen when the knee is bent and the shin is quickly forced backwards by a sudden impact, for example in a sports injury or car accident.
  • Medial cruciate ligament (MCL) injuries, which can happen when the knee is forced inwards, for example if the foot is caught and the knee is knocked sideways.
  • Lateral cruciate ligament (LCL) injuries, when the knee is forced out sideways; in many cases, other structures in the knee are damaged at the same time.
  • Multiple ligament injuries, where two or more ligaments are damaged, making the knee very unstable.

Meniscal injuries
There are two menisci in each knee – the medial (on the inner side, which is injured most commonly) and the lateral (on the outer side). The menisci are wedge-shaped shock absorbers in the knee, made of tough tissue, that absorb everyday vibrations in the knee, for example when you walk or play sports. They are in between the end of the thigh bone (femur) and the top of the shin bone (tibia) in the middle of the knee.

  • Meniscal tears: common in older people and athletes, these are caused by a sudden impact or twisting the knee.
  • Medial meniscal injuries: these usually happen when the knee is suddenly twisted in a bent position, while the foot is still on the floor, for example during rugby or football.
  • Lateral meniscal injuries: these injuries are less common than medial meniscus injuries, and are also caused when the knee is suddenly twisted in a bent position while the foot is still on the floor.
  • Bursitis: bursae are fluid filled sacs – there are around 13 around the knee – that cushion the joint. However, they can become inflamed if they are hit or if the tendon that runs over them is over-used.
  • Baker’s cyst: a painful swelling at the back of the knee, often caused by knee joint problems.

Tendon injuries including:

  • Iliotibial band (ITB) syndrome (runner’s knee): common in athletes who run or cycle.
  • Patella tendinopathy (tendinitis or jumper’s knee): pain in the patella tendon, which connects the kneecap (patella) to the shin bone (tibia).

Fractures including:

  • Shin bone fracture, often caused by a sudden physical injury, such as twisting.
  • Knee cap fracture, usually caused by a direct blow to the knee.
  • Thigh bone fracture, in older people this is usually as a result of weak bones or in younger people, due to a high-energy impact.

Our Dubai consultants have extensive knowledge and experience in treating knee conditions. If you would like more information on the treatments and services we provide contact us.

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