The doctors at our hospital and clinics are world leaders in the treatment of a wide range of knee problems affecting the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves. Where possible, we use minimally invasive techniques such as arthroscopy (keyhole surgery) and we offer our patients a personalised rehabilitation programme to help them recover as quickly as possible.
Conditions that we treat include:
- Osteoarthritis: often caused by long term wear to the joint surface cartilage, this leads to pain, swelling and stiffness in the knee joint. Damage can also be caused by injuries such as a twist, fall or blow to the knee and this is often accompanied by an anterior cruciate ligament tear.
Ligament tears and injuries including:
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, often caused by twisting the knee during sporting activities.
- Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries, which usually happen when the knee is bent and the shin is quickly forced backwards by a sudden impact, for example in a sports injury or car accident.
- Medial cruciate ligament (MCL) injuries, which can happen when the knee is forced inwards, for example if the foot is caught and the knee is knocked sideways.
- Lateral cruciate ligament (LCL) injuries, when the knee is forced out sideways; in many cases, other structures in the knee are damaged at the same time.
- Multiple ligament injuries, where two or more ligaments are damaged, making the knee very unstable.
There are two menisci in each knee – the medial (on the inner side, which is injured most commonly) and the lateral (on the outer side). The menisci are wedge-shaped shock absorbers in the knee, made of tough tissue, that absorb everyday vibrations in the knee, for example when you walk or play sports. They are in between the end of the thigh bone (femur) and the top of the shin bone (tibia) in the middle of the knee.
- Meniscal tears: common in older people and athletes, these are caused by a sudden impact or twisting the knee.
- Medial meniscal injuries: these usually happen when the knee is suddenly twisted in a bent position, while the foot is still on the floor, for example during rugby or football.
- Lateral meniscal injuries: these injuries are less common than medial meniscus injuries, and are also caused when the knee is suddenly twisted in a bent position while the foot is still on the floor.
- Bursitis: bursae are fluid filled sacs – there are around 13 around the knee – that cushion the joint. However, they can become inflamed if they are hit or if the tendon that runs over them is over-used.
- Baker’s cyst: a painful swelling at the back of the knee, often caused by knee joint problems.
Tendon injuries including:
- Iliotibial band (ITB) syndrome (runner’s knee): common in athletes who run or cycle.
- Patella tendinopathy (tendinitis or jumper’s knee): pain in the patella tendon, which connects the kneecap (patella) to the shin bone (tibia).
- Shin bone fracture, often caused by a sudden physical injury, such as twisting.
- Knee cap fracture, usually caused by a direct blow to the knee.
- Thigh bone fracture, in older people this is usually as a result of weak bones or in younger people, due to a high-energy impact.
Our Dubai consultants have extensive knowledge and experience in treating knee conditions. If you would like more information on the treatments and services we provide contact us.
A direct hit to the knee, as well as twisting the knee, are the two main causes of knee injuries. The most prevalent signs of any type of knee injury are pain and swelling in the knee. A few more indications are; stiffness, knee locking, warm sensation around your knee, and having trouble moving and straightening your knee
A few prevalent knee injuries are fractures, ligament tears, tendon tears, meniscus tears, and dislocations.
If your knee has significant damage, surgery can be required. Additionally, if painkillers for ailments such as osteoarthritis haven’t made a difference in your knee pain, you might also need surgery.
When you leave the hospital, you will be able to walk while using crutches and a leg brace. For the next few days, gradually increase the pressure on your leg until you can bear all of your body weight. Nevertheless, before you may walk without the crutches, you need your doctor’s approval. When you can begin walking without the brace will also be determined by your doctor. It is mostly reliant on your ability to coordinate your muscles and how comfortable you feel. Luckily, it is usually within 6 weeks post-op.
Wait until your incision has dried up and completely closed. This is typically when the sterile strips fall out and your stitches dissolve or come out. When taking a shower, always cover the incision with a plastic bag, and don’t forget to dry the incision carefully after contact with water.
There are specific actions you may take to reduce your chance of suffering a knee injury, even if it is not always possible to avoid one. They include using proper form when working out and indulging in sports, scheduling conditioning time, looking into moving to low-impact alternatives like swimming and maintaining a healthy weight.
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