King’s Lung Cancer Screening programme is delivered by our world class Pulmonology department and designed to increase the chances of early detection of lung cancer.
Clinical trials have found that lung cancer deaths can be reduced by 20% when high risk individuals are screened with low-dose CT when compared to chest x-rays.
At King’s we have combined leading European trained Doctors, advanced scanning technology, and the latest US based guidelines from the National Cancer Institute’s landmark National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), to design one of the most comprehensive Lung Cancer Screening programme’s in the region.
Lung Cancer Risk Factors & Criteria for Screening
You are at a higher risk of lung cancer if you meet or have been exposed to the following factors:
- Personal or family history of cancer
- History of cigarette smoking
- Exposure to substances known to cause cancer such as asbestos, silica, beryllium, arsenic, chromium, diesel, coal smoke, nickel and soot
- Exposure to Radon gas
- Aged between 50-80
How do we screen for Lung Cancer?
We use a technique called low-dose computer tomography scanning or lose-dose CT for short. Compared to conventional CT scans the radiation exposure is far lower. People are at high risk of lung cancer should discuss with their doctor to consider annual screening.
The screening process takes about less than 10 minutes and you will have a follow up consultation with the pulmonolgist upon your radiology report being ready.
Our Lung Cancer Screening programme is designed to detect cancer early to enable preventative action if necessary, and does not apply to individuals who already have signs or symptoms of lung disease. For symptomatic individuals an appropriate diagnostic work-up by your doctor should be discussed rather than a screening.
Signs and symptoms of Lung Cancer
The majority of lung cancer cases do not present any signs or symptoms until quite late in the cancer’s development, which is why high-risk individuals should seriously consider regular screening.
However, some of the most common signs and symptoms include:
- Shortness of breath
- Onset of wheezing
- A cough that does not go away
- Coughing up blood
- Bone pain
- Chest pain (it may get worse with deep breathing, coughing, or laughing)
- Weight loss or loss of appetite
- Feeling tired or weak