What is Gonorrhea Infection?
Neisseria Gonorrhea is a bacterium that causes a common sexually transmitted infection called gonorrhea, which affects young women and men worldwide. In some cases, gonorrhea infection can pass undetected and cause some serious troubles if left untreated. Usually, gonorrhea affects the urethra, rectum or throat and in females, it can also infect the cervix.
Gonorrhea Infection Signs and Symptoms
In most cases of gonorrhea the symptoms are not obvious, especially in women where symptoms are rare and can be confused with other conditions. However, the following signs and symptoms could be present in case of genital gonorrhea infections:
- Abnormal genital discharge
- Painful sexual intercourse
- Painful urination
- Occasional bleeding after sex
- Testicular pain and swelling in men
- Pelvic pain in women
Additionally, gonorrhea can affect some other parts of the body, including:
- Causing anal itching and discharge
- Can cause eye pain, sensitivity and discharge
- sore throat and swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- Can cause septic arthritis
Gonorrhea Infection Diagnosis
In case you show the typical symptoms associated with a gonorrhea infection or have one or more risk factors, your doctor might request some of the following diagnostic tests to confirm the infection:
- Urine test. A small amount of your urine is taken for laboratory analysis and search for the presence of the bacteria.
- Swab test. During this procedure, a small amount of the genital discharge is taken for culture or direct identification under the microscope. In the case of women, the swab sample is taken during a Pap test. For men, a tiny slim swab is placed at the end of the penis, into the urethra, to take the sample.
Gonorrhea Infection Treatment
Gonorrhea treatment is very effective and involves using antibiotics. Most cases can be solved by using a one-time dose of the combination of one injection of ceftriaxone and oral azithromycin. The combination is recommended due to the emerging strains of drug-resistant to Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
It’s important for you to know that during your treatment, you must abstain from sex and that your sexual partner also needs to be treated with the same antibiotic regimen, even if he or she doesn’t have any signs or symptoms.
Completing the proper treatment is very important, as a way to prevent you from developing some serious complications like fertility or pelvic inflammatory disease.
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