Colonoscopy - Tumor Resection (Without Surgery)

What Is a Colonoscopy with Tumor Resection?

A colonoscopy with tumor resection involves the removal of any abnormal growth inside the colon without the need for open surgery. A long and flexible tube attached to a camera (colonoscope) is inserted through the anus until the tumor area in your colon mucosa. There are two main techniques for this procedure:

  1. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR)
  2. Endoscopic submucosal resection (ESD)

According to your case and your doctor’s opinion, one of the procedures maybe chosen. The removed tumor will undergo anatomopathological analysis.

Why Would You Need A Colonoscopy with Tumor Resection?

Mucosal tumors and polyps are one of the most common abnormal growths of the colon. Usually, this type of lesion has a high possibility to turn into a malignant lesions (cancer). This is why doctors recommend extracting them as soon as possible when detected.

What Does a Colonoscopy Tumor Resection Involve?

Before the Procedure

After the doctor explains the reasons and the following steps of your procedure, you will be asked to take a cleansing bowel formula (a laxative) at home the day before.

During the Procedure

The procedure is performed via an endoscope. You will be given sedative anesthesia in order to avoid any pain or discomfort. The doctor will ask you to lay on your side and with your knees drawn toward your chest in the bed. The colonoscope will be inserted into the rectum, and via the endoscopic camera, your doctor will locate the tumor and remove it. The entire procedure will take about 1-2 hours, depending on the tumor size and location. 

After the Procedure

Usually, the procedure is performed on an outpatient basis and you can go home after fully recovering from the sedation. Coming back to work will be possible the next day after the procedure.

Colonoscopy with Tumor Resection Possible Risks and Complications

In general, colonoscopy is a safe procedure with minimal complications and risk rate.  Your doctor will discuss any potential risks with you.  In some cases, an additional endoscopic procedure or an operation may be needed.

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