WHAT IS TYPE 2 DIABETES?
In type 2 diabetes mellitus, the pancreas does not make enough insulin, the body becomes resistant to normal or even high levels of insulin, or both. This causes high blood glucose (blood sugar) levels.
TYPE 2 DIABETES SYMPTOMS
Type 2 diabetes usually causes no symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they include:
- Frequent urination
- Intense first
- Sudden weight loss
- Blurry vision
- Feeling tired
TESTING FOR TYPE 2 DIABETES
A person is considered to be diabetic if he or she has one or more of the following:
- Symptoms of diabetes and a random blood sugar of 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher
- A fasting blood sugar level of 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) or higher
- A blood sugar of 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher two hours after an oral glucose tolerance test
CONSEQUENCES OF UNTREATED TYPE 2 DIABETES?
Even though type 2 diabetes might not make you feel sick, it can cause serious problems over time, if it is not treated. It can lead to:
- Heart attacks and strokes
- Kidney disease
- Vision problems (or even blindness)
- Pain or loss of feeling in the hands and feet
- The need to have fingers, toes, or other body parts removed (amputated)
TYPE 2 DIABETES TREATMENT
Lifestyle changes: Losing 5 to 10% of your body weight can help to manage good blood glucose control. Choose a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products, but low in meats, sweets, and refined grains. Stay away from sugary drinks. Be active for 30 mins/day – like walking. If you smoke, ask your doctor or nurse for advice on how to quit. There are a few medicines that help control blood sugar. Some people need to take pills that help the body make more insulin or that help insulin do its job. Others need inject-able hormones or insulin injections. Sometimes, people with type 2 diabetes also need medicines to reduce the problems caused by the disease. For instance, medicines used to lower blood pressure can reduce the chances of a heart attack or stroke.